5th Squadron - 4th Cavalry Regiment

The 5th Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment was first constituted in 1855 as E Company, 1st Cavalry. In 1861, the unit was redesignated as E Company, 4th Cavalry. On 12 April 1861, the United States plunged into the Civil War. With so many units being sent east for the war the 1st Cavalry was initially kept on the frontier until militia units were raised to protect against Indian raids. On 22 June 1861, Major General George McClellan requested Company A and Company E from his former regiment to serve as his personal escort. The 2 companies saw action in the Bull Run, the Peninsula, Antietam and Fredericksburg campaigns, not rejoining the rest of the Regiment in the western theater until 1864.

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